You have to read the situation and then write a sentence with Present Perfect Continuous.

Example: Tom is out of breath. (he / run) He has been running .

1. Ann is very tired. (she / work / hard)

2. George has just come back from the beach. He is very red. (he / lie / in the sun)

3. You have just arrived to meet your friend who is waiting for you. (you / wait / long?)

4. Your friend comes in. His face and hands are very dirty. (what / you / do?)

1.28. Choose the correct form of the verb.

1. Yesterday I phoned / I’ve phoned the bank about my overdraft. 2. I work here / have worked here since the end of last year. 3. Your taxi has just arrived / just arrived. 4. We’re enjoying our trip. We have made / made a lot of useful contacts. 5. I’ve seen / I saw Hugh Hopper a few days ago – he sends his regards. 6. We went / have been to an interesting seminar last week. 7. Today has been / was really busy – and it’s only lunchtime! 8. Today has been / was really busy. It’s 7 pm – I’m going home. 9. I’m afraid Patrizia left / has left the office an hour ago. 10. I’m afraid Patrizia isn’t here – she left / has left the office.

1.29. Read this email from Steve, the Purchasing Manager of a UK importer, who is in Poland on a business trip. Complete the email by choosing the correct alternative from A, B, C or D below.

From Steve McGinlay
To Mike Evans
Subject Poland
Sent 18 May
Message Mike, Sorry, I haven’t contacted you (1) ... last week, but I’ve been very busy. I’ve (2) ... to Katowice in the south-west of Poland (3) ... a few days, and I’ve (4) ... returned to my hotel in Warsaw, from where I’m sending this email. I visited several firms when I was in Katowice and one of them looks quite promising. I’ve (5) ... seen their factory, and I’ve got some product samples to show you. Unfortunately I haven’t met the guy in charge (6) ... . He wasn’t there – he’s (7) ... to Gdansk and should be back next week. So, the trip has been quite successful (8) ... . Have you (9) ... been to Central Europe? Everything is changing very fast – I’ve (10) ... seen so much building work going on. Anyway, I’ll email you again later in the week to let you know what’s happening.
1. A for B since C just D so far
2. A going B gone C being D been
3. A for B since C already D so far
4. A now B been C just D so far
5. A yet B already C been D gone
6. A just B already C now D yet
7. A going B gone C being D been
8. A so far B yet C just D now
9. A yet B since C ever D never
10. A yet B since C ever D never

1.30. Make the following words negative:

-less: colour, price, meaning, use, end, care;

un-: equal, known, predictable, systematic, load, employment;

im-: possible, material, perfect, movable, mobile, patient, personal, polite, practicable, probable;

ir-: regular, rational, responsible, relevant, resolute (решительный);

il-: logical, legal (законный), liberal;

non-: European, atomic, aggressive, essential, existent, interference;

de-: militarization, centralize, mobilize;

dis-: like, continue, agree, organize, connect

1.31. Complete the sentences using the words: as, such as, like, so, both ... and ... , by, with, by means of.

1. ... incomes grow, more people in every country live in cities. 2. Microeconomics considers ... problems ... behaviour of ... individuals ... firms in the market. 3. In the 1930s, unemployment in Western countries was very high, ... economists considered the problem how to achieve full employment ... government policies. 4. The company supplies firms and people ... gas. 5. Factors of economic growth are considered ... development economics. 6. The economists studied the situation in the labour market ... give recommendations to the manager of the firm .,. manufacturing ... agriculture are developed in the USA.

1.32. Make up sentences using the following words:

1. approach, in, 19th, the, was, the, microeconomics, century, economics, to, main; 2. economic, are, microeconomics, individual, by, considered, units; 3. both, economics, macroeconomics, and, includes, microeconomics; 4. by means of, future, possible, is, to, situations, economic, economic, it, predict, analysis; 5. prices, affected, resources, of, by, of, goods, and, are, prices, labour

1.33. Match the synonyms.

1. to reach a success a) to demand
2. to predict b) each
3. proper c) exact
4. particular d) suitable
5. accurate e) to foretell
6. fast f) special
7. to require g) to make progress
8. every h) rapid

1.34. Business communication. Complete these conversations.

1. Peter: Mary, do you know Ian?
Mary: Hello, Ian._______________________
2. Charles: Let me introduce Sheema.
Philip: Pleased to meet you, Sheema._____________
3. David: Giselle, I'd like to introduce you to Mr Adams. Mr Adams, my daughter Giselle.
Giselle: __________________________________

1.35. Complete the conversations with a reply from the list below.

a.Yes, I think so. c.Never mind. e.Please do.

b. That's OK. d.Yes, please.

1. Alice: Thanks for booking my ticket.
Bill: ________________________
2. Chris: Is this the right room for the planning meeting?
Diane: ________________________
3. Edward: Can I use your fax?
Francis: ________________________
4. Geraldine: I'm afraid I've lost your itinerary.
Henry: ________________________
5. Ian: Would you like some tea?
Joyce: ________________________