It must have been about one o'clock that morning and the blizzard that was forecast had become a reality.

I was sleepingwhen the phone rang.Usually telephones do notwake me when I know that I must climb outof bed and go out in the cold. After the phone rang several times, I tookthe receiver and said:"Hello, this is Doctor Swails". I was trying to make the words come out right.

The man on the line was speaking frantically: "Doctor?" he said,"doctor, my dog hasjust been hitby a car. Canyou see my dog right away?"

"Of course", I replied,in the best doctor's voice that I could muster. "It will takeme about twenty minutes".

I stepped into the blizzard at one o'clock in the morning and I was thinking that there hadto be more convenient ways to make a living.

An elderly man was waiting for me at the door of the clinic. The man cradleda poodle in his arms. "Hurry, Doctor, I think she's dying", he said. "Look, see how she's gasping?"

The man placedher on my examination table and removed the blankets that he had wrapped around her. The dog's pupils were widely dilated. Her gums were dry and gray-white.

I examined the dog and saw that its leg was broken, the dog-was in shock and about to die.

"You can fix the leg, can't you?" the man said. "How long will she have to stay here?"

I promised him that I should try, although I believed it was hopeless. In fact I was amazed that the dog was still alive.

I tried every means to save the dog. I wanted to make the old man happy, but everything was in vain. The dog died at 3.30 a.m.

Vocabulary List

to fix – фиксировать pupil - зрачок

to gasp- задыхаться gum - десна

to dilate- расширять(ся)

Упражнение 1. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту:

1) Who is the main character of the story?

2) When did the phone ring?

3) What did the man on the line want from the doctor?

4) Who was the patient?

5) What happened with the dog?

6) What were the symptoms of the disease in the dog?

7) Was the condition of the dog bad?

8) Did the doctor try to save the dog?

9) Did the dog die or not?

Упражнение 2. Составьте диалог по прочитанному тексту. Перескажите текст.

Упражнение 3. Переведите на русский язык:

1) Animals with this disease usually die.

2) The dog with the foreign body in her digestive canal is alive yet.

3) Dry fodder is recommended in this case.

4) The cow cannot chew the food because her gums are in bad condition.

5) The origin of this severe infectious disease in ruminants is not known.

6) The heart activity of this patient is constantly controlled.

Упражнение 4. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на различное значение модальных глаголов.

1) The size of vertebrates can vary.

2) The student was allowed to dissect the stomach of the animal.

3) He has to fix the fractured bone of the horse's leg.

4) The left side of the chest must be dissected.

5) Modern surgeons can replace joints, cartilages and some organs by artificial ones.

6) The fractured joint should be removed and an artificial one inserted.

Упражнение 5. Переведите с русского языка на английский:

1) Пациенты должны много спать после операции.

2) Зрачок — это часть глаза.

3) Час тому назад пациент был жив.

4) Ветеринарный врач удалил инородное тело из дыхатель­ного тракта теленка.

5) Ветврач должен сделать все, чтобы спасти больное жи­вотное.

6) Сухой корм широко используется на фермах.

Lesson 14 PETS


The basic meaning of «pet» is an animal we keep for emotional rather than economic reasons. A pet animal is kept as a companion, and we all need companions to keep us feeling happy. Many owners feel, their pets understand them, for animals are quick to sense anger and sorrow. Often a cat or dog can comfort us at times when human words don't help. We feel loved too by the way pets depend on us for a home, for food and drink. Dogs especially look up to their owners, make them feel important and needed. Another baby to the mother, a sister or brother to an only child, a grandchild to the elderly, but for all of us pets provides pleasure and companionship. It has even been suggested that tiny pets should be sent as companions to astronauts on spaceships, to help reduce the stress and loneliness of space flights.

In this Plastic Age, when most of us live in large cities, pets are particularly important for children. Seeing an animal give birth brings understanding of the naturalness of childbirth. Learning to care for a pet helps a child to grow up into a loving adult who feels responsible towards those de­pendent on him. They should learn, too, that pets are good for us human beings.

Упражнение 1. Прочтите нижеследующий текст и ответьте на вопросы a) what kind of pets English people have; b) whether pets have a better life in Britain than in other countries. (Why?)

English people like animals very much. Pet dogs, cats, horses, ducks, chickens, canaries and other friends of man have a much better life in Britain than anywhere else. In Britain they have special dog shops selling food, clothes and other things for dogs. There are dog hair-dressing saloons and dog cemeteries. The English arrange dogs' shows and organize dogs' supper parties for winners of dogs' competitions. They do all they can to make animals feel well in their homes, and outside their homes too.

There were photographs in English newspapers of a mother-duck and her young family crossing slowly the road from Hyde Park lake to the waters of Kensington Gardens. All traffic around was stopped to let Mamma Duck and her little ones walk quietly from one park to another.

In recent years the English began to show love for more "exotic" animals such as crocodiles, elephants, tigers, cobras, camels.

You will not be surprised, we think, when we tell you that London Airport has a special animal "hotel". Every year thousands of animals arrive at London Airport. Some stay the night there; others stay several weeks. In one month, the "hotel" looked after 47,000 creatures: birds, insects, fish, elephants, monkeys and other animals.

There are about 4 million dogs, 6 million cats, 8 million caged birds and lots of other animals in Britain.

The English people believe that they are the only nation on the earth that is really kind to its animals.

Упражнение 2. Откройте скобки, используя соответствующую форму глагола.

1. If you (decide) to buy a pet, you should find out as much as possible about the pet you (choose).

2. Cats (be) easy to look after and (seem) to be independent, but also (need) the com­pany of people.

3. If your cat (find) someone, who (care) for it more than you do it (change) owners!

4. A small puppy may (look) like a suitable pet, but don't forget that it (grow) up.

5. You may (be) very happy with a very large dog that (be) too big for its kennel and which (like) to sleep on your bed!

6. Unless you (train) it, it may (attack) people or (bark) loudly day and night.

7. Nobody (love) a disobedient pet. Perhaps, this (be) why so many people (keep) birds or fish as pets.

Whatever you (decide) in the end, think carefully before you (make) a decision?

Задание 67. Прочитайте следующий диалог и перескажите его:


Shop Assistant: Good afternoon, madam. Can I help you?

Customer: Yes. I'm looking for a pet for my grandson.

Shop Assistant: What kind of pet does he want? A traditional pet - a cat or a dog? Or something exotic?

Customer: Well, you know, he is a very strange boy, he likes snakes. But I hate them, they are very dangerous!

Shop Assistant: We've got a nice poodle at the moment.

Customer: A poodle? Is it big?

Shop Assistant: Yes, it is, madam.

Customer: I don't like big dogs. They are savage.

Shop Assistant: Oh, no, madam, not this one. It's very kind. Last week we had a small dog. It was only as big as your handbag, but it was as savage as a tiger. It bit me three times!

Customer: Perhaps not a dog, then.

Shop Assistant: How about a cat?

Customer: A cat? Hmm.. They aren't as friendly as dogs, are they?

Shop Assistant: No, but they don't eat as much as dogs either. And they're very clean. They wash themselves every day.

Customer: Hmm...

Shop Assistant: Or how about a bird?

Customer: Birds are too noisy, aren't they? I want a quiet pet.

Shop Assistant: A quiet pet? Well, how about a goldfish? It's

as quiet as a mouse...

Customer: A mouse? Have you got mice? I think I'll buy a pretty little mouse for my grandson.

Words and phrases

savage adj — злой; дикий

kind adj — добрый

bite (bit, bitten) v — кусать (ся)

quiet adj — тихий, спокойный

to be quiet — молчать

quiet as mouse— (идиом.) тихий как мышь

I'm looking for a pet — я хочу купить домашнее животное


Feeding is an important factor in cats' and dog's life. A lot of research has been done to determine the nutrient needs of dogs and cats. In fact, probably more is known about pet nutrition than human nutrition.

Incorrect feeding of a growing little one affects body weight, height and constitution of an animal. If the feeding is incorrect, our pets can develop various serious diseases. Unbalanced feeding can also reduce fertilization ability.

Clever owner organizes feeding of domestic animals cor­rectly, regulates the amount of food in accordance with their physiological needs. Feeding must be full (that is, should take into account the quality of nutrition), well-balanced (that is, should consider the interaction of certain substances in food and in the organism) and rational (should consider correct consumption of forage sources when scheduling a diet).

Most pet owners today feed their pets on commercial foods which are well-formulated and have no nutritional defi­ciencies. It is difficult to prepare a homemade diet that con­tains all the nutrients the animal requires so in most cases it is easier and safer to feed a commercial food.

In general both cats and dogs are omnivorous. They can eat meat, fish, milk, vegetable and grassy food. From time to time they eat grass or houseplants. In this way they get minerals and vitamins.

Упражнение3. Переведите на русский язык: determine the nutrient needs; pet nutrition; a growing little one; incorrect feeding; develop serious diseases; un­ balanced feeding; reduce fertilization ability; in accord­ance with their physiological needs; take into account;
the interaction of certain substances; consumption of forage sources; scheduling a diet; nutritional deficiency­; a homemade diet; grassy food.

Упражнение 4. Объясните значение нижеприведенных слов и словосочетаний по-английски:

domestic animals; full feeding; well-balanced feeding; ra­tional feeding; commercial foods; omnivorous.

Упражнение 5. Сделайте сообщения по следующим вопросам:

a) Well-balanced feeding of domestic animals.

b) The advantages of commercial foods.

c) Problems connected with a homemade diet.